Bend, Oregon: Essential Points

Bend, Oregon is situated in Deschutes county, and includes a community of 109802, and is part of the more Bend-Prineville, OR metropolitan area. The median age is 38.9, with 12.6% of the population under 10 many years of age, 11.1% between ten-19 years old, 12.8% of town residents in their 20’s, 15.1% in their thirties, 14% in their 40’s, 11.3% in their 50’s, 12.1% in their 60’s, 7.4% in their 70’s, and 3.7% age 80 or older. 48.3% of town residents are men, 51.7% women. 52.5% of citizens are recorded as married married, with 14.7% divorced and 28.1% never married. The percent of people confirmed as widowed is 4.8%.

The Virtual Anthropology Book And Game For The People Intrigued By Anasazi Pottery

Lets visit NW New Mexico's Chaco Culture National Park from Bend, OR. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an stream that is intermittently flowing cuts the canyon. The timber sources that were used to construct roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the time the Chacoan fluorescence occurred due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut down trees. They then dried them and returned towards the canyon to transport them. It had been a difficult task, considering that every tree required a team of workers to move and more than 200 000 trees were utilized in building the three-century old great houses and kivas that is great. The Designed Landscape of Chaco Canyon. Chaco Canyon was a small part of the vast linked land that offered rise to Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with magnificent homes and kivas, built using the brick that is same and style as the ones inside. Although most of these settlements were located in the San Juan Basin they also covered an area of Colorado Plateau which was bigger than England. The Chacoans created a network of roads to link these communities to each various other by leveling and digging the ground, and sometimes adding brick curbs or clay to support them. Many of these roads start at the canyon that is large and extend outwards in amazing straight sections. Chacoans moved to areas in the western, north and south that were less limited, to reflect Chacoan influence. Chacoan communities were scattered throughout Southwest by droughts that proceeded well into the Century that is 13th CE. Present day Puebloan inhabitants mainly residing in Arizona, New Mexico consider Chaco to be part of their ancestral homeland. This will be evident by the oral history passed down from generations. The 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon in the second half. People ripped down large house walls and gained access to their chambers. The impact of this destruction was evident in archeological excavations and surveys that began in 1896 CE. This led to the establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument, in 1907 CE. It put an end looting that is unregulated allowed systematic archaeological investigations. The monument was extended in 1980 CE and renamed Chaco society National Historical Park. It had been added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 CE. Pueblo descendants can nevertheless connect to the spot as a living symbol of their shared history by coming back to honor their ancestors. Ancient Chacoans were roadbuilders, too. Archeologists uncovered straight roadways going across the desert, reaching hundreds of miles from Chaco Canyon to Colorado and Utah. Roads extend from big buildings like spokes in a wheel, others align with natural terrain formations; some packed earth roads are 30 ft wide. These routes are holy trails, traveled by pilgrims for rituals at Chaco Canyon and other great dwellings. Archeologists have been researching Chaco since the late 19th century, but despite lasting stone remains, how Chacoans lived, what their society was like, why they stopped constructing and went away in the 12th century is still a conundrum. These are some of the archaeologists uncovered in Chaco – pottery, adorned with geometric motifs, for bowls, canteens, cooking pots, ladles, pitchers, mugs, water jars (olla), black stone finger rings, shell necklaces, turquoise pendants, wooden headdresses, whistles and flutes, stone knives and axes, ceremonial staffs, sandals, textile pieces, feathered cloaks, grindin metals. Corn was a mainstay for the Chacoans, along with squash and beans, cotton for textiles, grown by villages several kilometers distant. With bows and arrows, they hunted meat animals, making exquisite ceramics for offerings and use that is domestic. Underground kivas were adorned with murals, and music and dance for celebrations may have been around. Chaco traded for turquoise and shells from hundreds of miles distant, imported macaws, and consumed Central American cocoa.  

The typical family size in Bend, OR is 2.95 residential members, with 60% being the owner of their own dwellings. The average home cost is $381418. For those people leasing, they pay an average of $1276 per month. 56.7% of homes have two sources of income, and an average domestic income of $65662. Median income is $32570. 10.3% of town residents live at or below the poverty line, and 10.4% are disabled. 8.3% of residents are former members of this military.