Let Us Examine Santa Clarita, California

Santa Clarita-The Old Ones

Lets visit Northwest New Mexico's Chaco Culture National Monument from Santa Clarita, CA. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected, in addition to the natural sandstone reservoirs in the arroyo (an intermittently floating river), which formed the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in tanks where runoff was diverted via a system of ditches. The timber sources required to build the roofs and the floors that are top formerly present in the canyon and, because to dryness and deforestation, disappeared at in regards to the time of the Chacoan fluorescence. Hence, over a walking distance of 80 kilometers, Chacoan traveled to coniferous forests south and west, chopping down trees and then peeling and drying all of them for a long time, before returning and bringing everyone to the canyon. This was not a tiny task since the transportation of each tree would need a team of people on a several-day journey and the construction and reparation of approximately ten big houses and big kiva sites into the canyon for during 200,000 trees over the three centuries. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. The canyon was a little section in the center of a vast, linked area forming the Chacoan civilization although Chaco Canyon had large architectural levels of the territory. Although it was a piece that is small of. More than 200 villages of big houses and kivas that is large the same characteristic style and design as those located in the gorge existed beyond the canyon, although on a smaller scale. Although the sites in the San Juan Basin were the most numerous, the Colorado plateau was larger in all than that of England. Chacoans have built a complicated system of roads by excavating and leveling the terrain that is underlying adding earthen or brick curves in certain instances, to make them connected to the canyon and one another. These roadways were typically founded in big residences in and over the canyon, extending amazingly straight outwards.   Chacoans preserved the linearity of these roadways even when steep features characteristic to the American Southwest (e.g. mesas and buttes) crossed their course, opting to build stairs or ramps on cliff sides. Due to the significant difficulty of such an approach, along with the fact that several roads did not have visible destinations and were constructed larger than necessary for passage by foot (many were 9 meters wide), it is conceivable that the roads had a purely symbolic or spiritual role, an entry of sorts to large buildings, directing pilgrims going to rites or any other meetings. To promote faster communication, certain large homes were positioned in line with each other's sight and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for notifying other houses and remote areas using fire or sunlight reflection. Fajada Butte is a prominence at Chaco Canyon. Giving more structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment was the prevalent practice of aligning buildings and roadways with cardinal guidelines and sun and moon positions at important seasons such as solstices, equinoxes and lunar standstills. For instance, the front wall and wall separating the large home Pueblo Bonito square are positioned east-west and north-south correspondingly, whereas the location is situated just west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a large 19-meter-diameter kiva situated in the canyon, with two opposing internal T-shaped doors set along a north-south axis and two external doors oriented east-west, through which the light of the rising sun flows right on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given the restoration work that took place in the canyon).  

The average family size in Santa Clarita, CA is 3.5 household members, with 70% owning their own homes. The mean home value is $535735. For individuals leasing, they spend on average $1895 per month. 60.5% of families have 2 sources of income, and a typical household income of $99666. Median income is $41115. 8.2% of inhabitants are living at or beneath the poverty line, and 9.6% are disabled. 5.1% of residents are former members of this armed forces.

The work force participation rate in Santa Clarita is 67.9%, with an unemployment rate of 5%. For those when you look at the labor pool, the average commute time is 36.8 minutes. 11.8% of Santa Clarita’s populace have a grad degree, and 25% posses a bachelors degree. Among the people without a college degree, 35.4% have at least some college, 18.2% have a high school diploma, and only 9.5% possess an education less than high school. 5.7% are not included in medical health insurance.