Westmont: Another Look

Westmont, PA-Kivas

Lets visit Chaco Culture National Monument (NM, USA) from Westmont, Pennsylvania. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   In the arroyo (an intermittently floating river), which formed the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in tanks where runoff was diverted via a system of ditches, the rainwater was collected, in addition to the natural sandstone reservoirs. The timber sources required to build the roofs and the top floors were formerly present in the canyon and, because to dryness and deforestation, disappeared at concerning the period of the Chacoan fluorescence. Hence, over a walking distance of 80 kilometers, Chacoan traveled to coniferous forests south and west, chopping down trees and then peeling and drying all of them for a long time, before returning and bringing everyone to the canyon. This was not a tiny task since the transportation of each tree would require a team of individuals on a several-day journey and the construction and reparation of approximately ten big houses and big kiva sites within the canyon for during 200,000 trees over the three centuries. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon had large architectural levels of the territory, the canyon was a little section in the center of a vast, linked area forming the Chacoan civilization. Although it was a piece that is small of. More than 200 villages of big houses and kivas that is large the same characteristic style and design as those located in the gorge existed beyond the canyon, although on a smaller scale. Although the sites in the San Juan Basin were the most numerous, the Colorado plateau was larger in all than that of England. Chacoans have built a complicated system of roads by excavating and leveling the terrain that is underlying incorporating earthen or brick curves in some instances, to make them connected to the canyon and one another. These roadways were frequently founded in huge residences in and over the canyon, extending amazingly straight outwards.   Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the walls of cliffs to preserve the straightness of the roadways, even if the steep terrains found in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other mountainous landforms, crossed their path. Given the difficulty involved in such an approach and the fact that many roads were not obvious to their destinations, some roads were much wider than needed for foot transit (9 meters wide) it seems likely that these roads played a symbolic or spiritual function, leading pilgrims to other occasions or rites. Certain great houses had been put within a line of sight from each other and nearby shrines. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal distant places by sunlight representation or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a dominant position in Chaco Canyon. Aligning roads and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon during critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes and lunar standsstills has been a practice that is common Chacoan culture. This added structure to the environment. For example, the wall that is front of Bonito's great house is oriented north-south and east-west, while the actual location of Chetro Ketl is west. Casa Rinconada is a grand kiva of 19 meters in diameter, located inside the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are arranged on a north-south line and two external doors that face east. The rising sun can pass through these doors only when the canyon is open for restoration.

The typical family size in Westmont, PA is 2.92 household members, with 80.8% being the owner of their particular dwellings. The average home value is $148565. For those people paying rent, they pay out on average $910 per month. 49.6% of families have 2 incomes, and a median domestic income of $70733. Median income is $36234. 11.4% of citizens are living at or below the poverty line, and 17.8% are considered disabled. 8% of residents are ex-members regarding the military.

Westmont, PA is situated in Cambria county, and includes a community of 4685, and is part of the greater Johnstown-Somerset, PA metro area. The median age is 48.4, with 7.6% of this population under 10 years old, 17.5% are between 10-19 years old, 8.1% of residents in their 20’s, 6.5% in their thirties, 12.9% in their 40’s, 14.7% in their 50’s, 16.2% in their 60’s, 12.4% in their 70’s, and 4.2% age 80 or older. 49.9% of citizens are male, 50.1% women. 58.2% of residents are reported as married married, with 6.6% divorced and 31.3% never wedded. The percent of individuals confirmed as widowed is 3.9%.