An Analysis Of Leonia

Leonia, NJ is located in Bergen county, and includes a populace of 9035, and rests within the greater New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA metropolitan area. The median age is 44.6, with 9.6% regarding the population under 10 years old, 13.3% are between 10-19 years old, 10.6% of town residents in their 20’s, 9.5% in their thirties, 14.5% in their 40’s, 16.8% in their 50’s, 11.9% in their 60’s, 7.5% in their 70’s, and 6.2% age 80 or older. 49.9% of inhabitants are men, 50.1% female. 60.6% of inhabitants are recorded as married married, with 7.5% divorced and 25% never wedded. The % of individuals recognized as widowed is 7%.

Lets Travel From Leonia, NJ To Chaco Culture National Monument In North West New Mexico

Lets visit Chaco Canyon in NW New Mexico, USA from Leonia, NJ. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater built-up in the Chaco Wash was stored in the Chaco arroyo, an intermittently flowing river, along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and floors that are top but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach forests that are coniferous and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a difficult task as each tree needed to be transported. Chacoan also had a need to construct and repair a total of ten large houses and kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a section that is small of is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a section that is tiny of canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the same style as the ones in the canyon. However, they are smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the largest number of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and adding brick or earthen curves to link them to every other. The roads ran amazingly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Chacoans relocated to towns into the north, south, and western that had less marginal surroundings, reflecting Chacoan impact during the time. Droughts that lasted far into the century that is 13th prevented the re-emergence of an integrated system like Chaco's and led to the scattering of Chacoan peoples throughout the Southwest. Their descendants, present Puebloan peoples mostly residing in Arizona and New Mexico, regard Chaco to be a part of their ancestral homeland, as shown by oral history traditions handed down through the generations. Significant vandalism occurred in the canyon in the second half of the century that is nineteenth, with people tearing down parts of great residence walls, gaining access to chambers, and destroying their particular contents. Beginning in 1896 CE, the impact of the devastation was seen in archaeological excavations and studies, leading to the creation for the Chaco Canyon National Monument in 1907 CE, which stop unregulated looting and allowed systematic archaeological investigations to be done. In 1980 CE, the monument was extended and renamed Chaco Culture National Historical Park, and in 1987 CE, it was included to the UNESCO World Heritage List. By returning to respect the spirits of their forefathers, Pueblo descendants retain their connection to a place that serves as a living reminder of their common record.   The 2nd biggest Chaco big house, Chetro Ketl, has 500 onsite rooms in 16 kivas. Like Pueblo Bonito, it is D-shaped in a big central square, including hundreds of linked rooms and multi-story frameworks. To build Chetro Ketl it needed around 50 million stones to be cut, set and formed into position. The center square is the distinguishing feature of Chetro Ketl. The Chacoans carried large quantities of rock and soil to the center square at 12 ft above the natural environment without wheeled vehicles or tamed animals. Walks down the path along the cliff (Stop 12) and looks up and views a staircase cut into the rock. There is a direct path between Chetro Ketl and another big mansion on the cliff, Pueblo Alto. Hint: Go on the way to Pueblo Bonito from Chetro to observe petroglyphs that are additional the rocks. It ended up being erected "Center of the global world of the Chaco." It is a complex of D form with 36 kivas, 600 to 800 linked rooms, some of which are 5 storeys high. Pueblo Bonito has been the biggest and one of the oldest residences that are major. Being a ceremonial, commerce, storage, astronomical and burial center, Pueblo Bonito was a place for the deaths. A turkey plumage, conch shell trumpets, squirrels and arrows, ceremonial staffs, black and white cylinder jars, painted flutes, turquoise mosaics in Bonito village rooms, seasonal seasons feature a necklace of 2,000 turquoise squares. These things have already been buried alongside persons of great ranking. Tip: Purchase a pamphlet at the Visitor Center that shows each numbered visit the building that is enormous.  

The typical family size in Leonia, NJ is 3.16 residential members, with 63.4% being the owner of their very own domiciles. The average home value is $508668. For those people paying rent, they pay out on average $1444 per month. 61.1% of households have two incomes, and a median domestic income of $102250. Average income is $48050. 5.4% of residents exist at or below the poverty line, and 8.6% are disabled. 4.1% of citizens are former members for the armed forces of the United States.